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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are often called the Cavalier to save a couple of breaths. They are an adorable toy breed. They’re also adaptable, sociable and make the perfect lap dogs.

More Information

The Ultimate Guide to Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

Key Characteristics Of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
How Can I Take Good Care Of A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Puppy?
Most Asked Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Questions
Similar Dog Breeds

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are often called the Cavalier to save a couple of breaths. They are an adorable toy breed. They’re also adaptable, sociable and make the perfect lap dogs.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Origins

While the Cavaliers are a recent breed, their descendants – the Toy Spaniels- aren’t. Toy Spaniels were discovered in some parts of Italy, Holland and France. This happened between the 16th and 18th centuries. 

At the time, they served as comforters and lap dogs for the noble families of Europe. This went on for years, which is why they became a favourite in the courts of King Charles I. 

In fact, King Charles I had a very strong bond with his toy spaniels. So much so that it’s rumoured that one of his pups walked with him when he went to be executed at Whitehall. This affection for the breed is what led them to be called the “King Charles Spaniels”. 

Toy Spaniels have been featured in the paintings of royal families by dozens of artists. These include the works of Titian, Lely and Van Dyck.


Key Characteristics of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Are Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Family-Friendly?Yes. These dogs thrive on human companionship.
Daily Exercise Needs?20 - 40 minutes of exercise each day.
Common Health Issues & ConsiderationsThe most common health problems among these dogs are:
● Hip Dysplasia.
● Heart Mitral Valve Disease.
● Entropion.
● Seizures.
● Patellar Luxation.
Lifespan9 to 14 years.
Nature / Temperament
Their temperament ranges between sweet and gentle to stubborn. But overall, they are playful, affectionate and smart.
5.9 - 8.2 kg.

30 - 33 cm.
Suitable EnvironmentAre suited to most environments.
GroomingTheir coats should be brushed 2-3 times each week.

Other considerations:

Cavaliers come in four main colour  patterns: blenheim, black & tan, ruby or tri-colour.
These dogs are very reliant on their owners.
With spaniel genes deeply rooted in them, Cavaliers are adept chasers. They will chase every possible creature such as birds, rabbits and other small prey. To prevent this behaviour, keep them on a leash and give them proper training.
These are family dogs; hence, should not live outdoors.


How can I take good care of my Cavalier King Charles Spaniel or Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Puppy?


The amount of dog food given to Cavaliers will differ slightly from one owner to another. On average, these pups need 1 to 1.5 cups of dog food each day. Split this in half so that you can serve at two mealtimes.


Cavaliers have wash and wear coats. Still, it’s advisable to brush their hair two or three times a week. 

A medium-thistle brush is the most recommended for this role. It helps to spread their skin’s natural oil throughout their coats. But for the purpose of detangling, use a slicker brush.

When brushing them, pay more attention to those areas with feathered hair. This includes the ears, the back of the legs and under the tails. Don’t forget to brush their feet as well to give them their signature fluffy look.

Recommended grooming tips:

Bathing strips off your dog’s natural oils. As such, it’s not recommended to bathe Cavaliers more than once per month. In fact, you can even wash them after 6 weeks.
Examine and clean their ears weekly. Their floppy areas tend to hide bacteria, making them prone to infections.
Brush their teeth 2-3 times per week.
● Trim their nails monthly.


One of the points to keep in mind when exercising Cavaliers is that they have smaller legs. As a result, they can’t cover the same long distance covered by large dog breeds. A 20-minute walk every day is enough exercise for your pup. 

The plus side of Cavaliers being a toy breed is that you can comfortably exercise them indoors. This can be achieved in the form of playing with toys, running after balls or a game of tag.


If you own a Cavalier, then you already know that these pups are gentle, loving and attentive. These natural traits make them very agreeable to learn new things.

Still, there are a couple of points to consider that can make the training process run more smoothly. For one, invest in the right training equipment such as a lead and dog collar. 

Secondly, always ensure that you have your pup’s attention before you start training. You can do this by talking to or giving them a small treat to get their attention. 

Also praise them when they do well and reprimand when they don’t. However, do not use harsh training methods.

This is general information and should not be relied on for adopting or purchasing advice.

Most Asked Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Questions

How much is a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy?

Since the Cavalier is a well-loved and popular species, most breeders ask for a lot of money. Cavalier puppies for sale cost between $1500 – $2200 on average.

Can Cavaliers be left alone?

These dogs prefer being around their human companions. As such, they don’t do well when left all alone even if it’s a couple of hours. Due to this, the ideal owners for Cavaliers are those who work from home.

Are Cavaliers a healthy breed?

Unfortunately, these dogs are prone to several heart disorders. The good thing is that they’re always screened. If one of them is found to have a heart defect, then they won’t be used for breeding.

Is there a difference between a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a King Charles Spaniel?

Yes, these are two different dog breeds. The muzzle of the King Charles Spaniel is much shorter and flatter than that of its counterpart. King Spaniels also have dome-shaped heads while Cavaliers have flat-shaped heads.

Similar Breeds

Cocker Spaniel



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