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Big, dark eyes, long lush ears and a sweet-natured personality make the Cocker Spaniel one of the most lovable creatures. And though they are pretty small, these dogs remain capable hunters at heart.

More Information

The Ultimate Guide to Cocker Spaniels

Key Characteristics Of Cocker Spaniels
How Can I Take Good Care Of A Cocker Spaniel Puppy?
Most Asked Cocker Spaniel Questions
Similar Dog Breeds

Big, dark eyes, long lush ears and a sweet-natured personality make the Cocker Spaniel one of the most lovable creatures. And though they are pretty small, these dogs remain capable hunters at heart.


Cocker Spaniel Origins

Cocker Spaniels were developed from Spaniels – one of the oldest dog breeds in history. Legend has it that Spaniels were brought to England during Caesar’s invasion.

These dogs are believed to have come from Spain. There are two schools of thought that give credence to this theory.

One, it’s assumed that Spaniel is derived from the word Hispania meaning Spain. Two, Spaniel is derived from French “Chiens de l’ Espagnol”, which translates to “Dog of Spain”.

Generally, Spaniels were developed to help in retrieving and flushing out game. By the 1600’s, these dogs had been divided into two groups: water and land breeds. The English water Spaniel, which is now extinct, was mainly used to retrieve fowls.  

The land Spaniels were further classified into two groups. These are the Springer and Cocker Spaniel. Cocker Spaniels were so named because they were used to hunt a game bird called the Woodcock. Springer Spaniels got their name from their technique of flushing or “springing” game.

In 1930, the Cocker Spaniel became a popular breed throughout Britain. On the other end of the Atlantic, Americans were using the same dog to create a different breed of the Cocker.

In 1940, the Kennel Club of Great Britain decided to split the two breeds. These are the American and English Cocker Spaniels.

During World War II, a pair of American Cocker Spaniels were brought to Australia. These dogs are still very popular today as they make excellent companions. Also in the United Kingdom, they are simply referred to as Cocker Spaniels.

Key Characteristics of Cocker Spaniels

Are Cavoodles Family-Friendly?These dogs get on well with their owners. But because of their small size, they are better suited for families with older kids as toddlers can be a bit rough.
Daily Exercise Needs?A short walk for half an hour or so is enough.

As cavoodles are playful, they burn off energy throughout the day. They do so by playing with a range of toys, which keep them mentally stimulated.
Common Health Issues & ConsiderationsCavoodles may suffer from:
● Syringomyelia- a condition where their skulls turn out to be too small for their brains.
● Mitral Valve Disease- it’s a condition that affects the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
● Cataracts- it’s characterized by the formation of a cloudy membrane over your dog’s eye.
Lifespan10 to 14 years
Nature / Temperament
Cavoodles are a gentle and sweet-natured dog breed. They are lively and friendly dogs that are very sociable. This is not surprising since both of their parents have these traits.

Even though they look like teddy bears, these dogs are intelligent as they are trainable.
Both males and females weigh between 5 and 12 kg

30 to 35 cm
Suitable EnvironmentThis is mainly an indoor dog. Its small size makes it perfect for an apartment. Plus, it does not create a mess at home. Although it has a curious nature, the Cavoodle likes observing its surrounding silently.
GroomingThey are non-shedding to low shedding dogs. But even though they don’t shed that much, their fur still needs regular grooming. It’s a good idea to brush their coat on a weekly basis to prevent it from getting tangled.

Other considerations:

● Cocker Spaniels are very social and love nothing more than following their owners around.

● These are physically sound pets that can live for as long as 15 years. But, they might be susceptible to different types of allergies.

● Due to their loving nature, they make excellent therapy dogs.

● Cocker spaniel puppies that are 6 months or younger should not be exercised to the point of exhaustion.

● A short 20 minute walk is adequate exercise.

How can I take good care of my Cocker Spaniel or Cocker Spaniel Puppy?


These dogs love their food. Therefore, their meals should be portion-controlled to prevent obesity and other weight-related problems. In particular, puppies should get approximately 150 – 250g of dog food per day. When older approximately 175 – 260g of food daily.

Of this amount, at least 25% should be made up of proteins. And, if you have a working Cocker Spaniel, they need a much higher amount of protein.


When it comes to the Cocker Spaniel, grooming is a somewhat intense and pricey affair. They have long hair, which needs frequent grooming. That is, daily brushing and bathing every 6-8 weeks.

On the plus side, well-groomed Cocker Spaniels are some of the most attractive creatures.

Recommended Grooming Tips:

● Trim their nails once a month.

● Check the ears for dirt and redness weekly.

● Use deep and narrow dog food bowls. This way, they won’t end up getting their ears damp as they drink water.


These dogs are full of energy. They were originally hunting dogs before they became companions. As such, they need at least 1 hour of exercise each day. Apart from taking walks, these dogs enjoy playing and running around in the yard or garden.


On a scale of 1 – 10, we rank Cocker Spaniels at a 9 on how trainable they are. These dogs are highly-intelligent and they are always ready to learn new tricks.

As with other breeds, Cocker Spaniels should be taught obedience commands. This way, they’ll be well-aware of their boundaries.

Most Asked Cocker Spaniel Questions

Are Cocker Spaniels aggressive?

This dog is prone to aggression. But much of its character depends on its environment. A Cocker Spaniel that is well-socialised and trained is not aggressive.

Ideally, owners should train their pups from when they are between 6 – 20 weeks old. This can be achieved by socialisating the dog to a variety of circumstances, people and pets.

Can Cocker Spaniels be left alone?

The short answer to this is No they shouldn’t be.

If you’ve had the pleasure of living with a Cocker Spaniel, then you understand how affectionate and sociable this breed is.

However, their jovial character is, to a great extent, reliant on human companionship. These dogs become very attached to their owners. So when left alone for a long time, they can suffer from separation anxiety.

How much is a Cocker Spaniel?

Cocker Spaniels for sale cost between $1500 – $3000 approximately.

When are Cocker Spaniels fully grown?

Every Cocker Spaniel is different. Therefore they won’t have identical height when fully grown. But generally a male Cocker Spaniel is 38 – 43 cm tall while a female one is 36 – 41 cm tall.

Do Cocker Spaniels make good watch dogs?

These dogs bark if they see a stranger approaching your home but that is as far as they’ll go. Cocker Spaniels are sweet-natured and gentle to everyone however these attributes make them poor guard dogs.

This is general information and should not be relied on as adoption or purchasing advice.

Similar Breeds

English Springer Spaniel

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel