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Golden Retriever


Golden Retrievers are a gentle and sweet-natured dog breed. They are lively and friendly dogs that are very sociable. This is not surprising since both of their parents have these traits.

Even though they look like teddy bears, these dogs are intelligent as they are trainable.

More Information

The Ultimate Guide to Golden Retrievers

Key Characteristics Of Golden Retrievers
How Can I Take Good Care Of A Golden Retriever Puppy?
Most Asked Golden Retriever Questions
Similar Dog Breeds

Golden Retrievers are very versatile and playful dogs. They are as eager to be in the water playing ball as they are eager to be curled up for an afternoon nap with their owners.


Golden Retriever Origins

Golden retrievers descend from the Scottish highlands. It is here that they were first bred as hunting dogs.

In the mid-19th century, the Scottish estate owners wanted a dog breed that could retrieve birds from water and land. This is because most of their hunting grounds were full of ponds and marshes.

But this is not the only reason why Golden retrievers were used for hunting. After the invention of guns, hunters needed dogs capable of retrieving birds from far.

To develop the ultimate retriever, Dudley Marjoribanks (the then Baron of Tweedmouth), decided to cross a yellow-coloured retriever and a tweed water spaniel.

The resulting pups were further bred with other dogs. These included the irish setter, bloodhound and St. John’s water dog. Dudley kept in-depth records of these breeds throughout the 19th century.

His aim was to create a dog breed that had a soft mouth for retrieving but still sturdy and playful. The resulting Golden retriever had these traits. Thus, the breed became popular throughout England. The golden retriever became recognised by England’s Kennel Club in 1911.


Key Characteristics of Golden Retrievers

Are Golden Retriever Family-Friendly?These dogs can be the ultimate family companions. They are obedient, playful and well-mannered.
Daily Exercise Needs?
40 - 60 minutes of intense exercise every day.
Common Health Issues & ConsiderationsThey are prone to:
● Hip and elbow dysplasia.
● Cataracts.
● Chest conditions.
● Loose knees.
Lifespan10 to 12 years
Nature & Temperament
They are calm, gentle and welcoming. They crave attention from their owners and have a youthful playfulness.
Male: 29 - 34 kg
Female: 27 - 32 kg

Male: 56 - 61 cm
Female: 51 - 56 cm
Suitable EnvironmentThey do well in the most environments but do prefer open space
GroomingThese dogs shed profusely. Brush their fur at least 2 - 3 times per week.

Other considerations:

● They excel in games of fetch and carrying items in their mouths.

● They are family dogs. So the best environment for them is a loving home.

● Although they are gentle and friendly to kids, they are large dogs, this calls for constant supervision.

● They make excellent swimmers. The big webbing between their toes and their long tails help in steering.

● Golden retrievers have two layers of fur. The inner layer keeps them warm while the outer one is waterproof.

● They also make good therapy dogs.


How can I take good care of my Golden Retriever or Golden Retriever Puppy?


Golden retriever puppies have a tendency to grow fast. This means that they should be fed a lower calorie diet. As for the adult golden retrievers, they should be fed two meals a day amounting to 1 ½ cups of dry dog food.


Brush your dog’s coat two to three times each week. Use a natural bristle brush to deal with the tangles on your puppy’s fur. It’s important that you brush all the surfaces of your golden retriever.

Recommended grooming tips:

● Clean and inspect your golden retriever’s ears weekly.

● Trim your dog’s nails anytime they seem a bit long.

● Brush your dog’s teeth regularly.


A golden retriever needs to be exercised for at least one hour every day. Some will need more or less exercise than this. The easiest way to keep them active is to take them for walks.

When going for a run, you can train your dog to run with you. Due to their build, they generally don’t have any problem keeping up with their human friends.


Golden retrievers are actually described as one of the easiest breeds to train. They like pleasing their owners, which means they’re willing to do anything to get a bit of praise.

Their trainability makes them an excellent choice for first-time dog owners.

Looking to register as a Golden Retriever dog breeder? Download the RPBA guide on responsible breeding.

Most Asked Golden Retriever Questions

How are Golden Retrievers with children?

Thanks to their gentle, kind and playful nature, Golden retrievers are very good with kids. Nonetheless, you’ll need to always supervise your children when with these dogs.

How much exercise do Golden retrievers need?

As they are a sporting breed, Golden retriever need a lot more exercise than other dog breeds. They will do well with high-intensity exercises. This way, they can stay healthy and mentally stimulated.

Do Golden Retrievers love to swim?

Yes, they do love to swim. Most of these dogs seek out even the tiniest puddles to get a little wet. But you shouldn’t expect every Golden retriever to have a passion for swimming. Each one of them has distinct likes and dislikes.

How much does a Golden retriever cost?

A golden retriever for sale costs between $800 and $3500 approximately.

Are Golden Retrievers heavy shedders?

Sadly, yes. These dogs shed all-year-round in small amounts. But they shed in massive amounts twice per year. This happens at the beginning of spring and autumn.

Why are Golden Retriever more likely to get ear infections?

These dogs have floppy ears. As a result, the interior parts of their ears receive little air circulation. This can lead to yeast and bacterial infections. To prevent this, their ears need to be cleaned on a weekly basis.

This is general information and should not be relied on as adoption or purchasing advice.

Similar Breeds



● Newfoundland

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