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Jack Russell


The Jack Russell Terrier is a fearless, energetic, and tenacious dog despite its small size. It was originally developed to hunt foxes during the Victorian era, so it comes as no surprise that this purebred has a strong desire to work and prefers having a job to do.

This dog is also devoted and affectionate. It loves its family, thrives on attention, and enjoys a good adventure.

More Information

The Ultimate Guide to Jack Russells

The charming Jack Russell Terrier looks like a small stuffed animal that has come to life, but it surprises many with its tireless and confident nature. This working dog packs a lot of personality into its compact body, making it one of the most sought-after breeds all over the world.

Jack Russell Origins

This purebred takes its name from Reverend John “Jack” Russell, a passionate fox hunter who developed hunting dogs in the 1800s in England. His purpose was to create a working canine that would hunt with hounds, thus, the name “Jack Russell Terrier.”

When Russell passed away, the breed evolved and had longer legs than the original. The new breed became known as the “Parson Russell Terrier,” with “Parson” being another word for “reverend.”

Because of the variance in leg lengths, today, there are two separate breeds: Jack Russell Terrier and Parson Russell Terrier.


Key Characteristics of Jack Russells

Are Jack Russells family-friendly? Yes, they are. When properly socialised and trained, Jack Russell Terriers are one of the most loving and affectionate dogs. They are loyal to their humans and do well with babies and children.

It is important, however, to always supervise a child when they are interacting with their dog. Additionally, a kid should be taught and reminded how to approach and touch this breed.

Daily exercise needs? 30 to 45 minutes of vigorous exercise a day
Common health issues & considerations The Jack Russell Terrier is a generally healthy dog. However, it is still prone to certain health conditions such as the following:

  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
  • Patellar luxation
  • Lens luxation
  • Deafness
  • Glaucoma
  • Arthritis
  • Hypothyroidism
Lifespan 13 to 15 years
Nature / Temperament Fearless, smart, stubborn, athletic, vocal, and energetic
Size Weight

5.9 to 7.7 kilograms


Male: 35.6 centimetres

Female: 33 centimetres

Suitable Environment  The Jack Russell Terrier thrives indoors. However, it is not suited for apartment living as it has an urge to explore. This breed is much better in a house with a large, fenced yard where it can have enough space to play and burn off some energy.

Bear in mind that this dog has the ability to dig, climb, and jump, which is why an underground electronic fence will not do. When your dog is spending time in your yard, it is recommended that you supervise it or keep it on a leash.

Grooming The Jack Russell Terrier comes in two primary coat types: smooth and rough. Both types have a coarse double coat that is low maintenance. While this dog sheds heavily, once-a-week brushing is enough.

Other Considerations:

  • This canine can be vocal, so it does not suit apartment life well. However, it is vigilant, making it a wonderful watchdog.
  • It is capable of jumping more than five feet high.
  • While friendly towards humans, it can be aggressive towards animals that resemble prey, unless properly socialised and trained.

Average cost of a Jack Russell

Jack Russells typicaly range between $1000 and $3500AUD.

How can I take care of my Jack Russell?


It is recommended that Jack Russell Terrier puppies aged eight to 12 weeks old are fed three to four times a day. Raw, natural food or kibble food is advised. Be sure that healthy meat is the main ingredient and that the food has no additives or chemicals.

For breeds six months and up, about two meals a day is sufficient. The suggested daily amount is 1.25 to 1.75 cups of high-quality dog food per day. Avoid giving your pooch human food and table scraps. Also, make sure to give it plenty of clean and fresh water.


Smooth-coated Jack Russell Terriers only need to be brushed a few times each week and bathed with quality dog shampoo every four to six weeks. Meanwhile, rough-coated breeds need a little more brushing a week and should be stripped once or twice a year.

Recommended Grooming Tips

  • Gum disease is a common health issue in a Jack Russell Terrier which is why it is important that you brush your dog’s teeth at least two to three times a week. For best results, do this daily to prevent tartar buildup.
  • It is recommended that you trim your dog’s nails once or twice a month.
  • When cleaning your canine’s ears, avoid pushing anything in them. Simply wet a cotton ball with an ear cleaning solution, then wipe off your pooch’s outer ears.


This small dog has a high energy level and needs plenty of exercise to be happy and healthy. Active both indoors and outdoors, the Jack Russell Terrier requires 30 to 45 minutes of exercise daily. A short walk around the block is not enough – this dog loves to run and jump!

You can play fetch with your dog, have it chase a ball, or take it hiking. Just be sure to always walk your pooch on a leash to prevent it from getting lost.


Being an incredibly intelligent dog, the Jack Russell Terrier can be trained as early as when you bring it home. This is usually when it is around eight weeks old. Because of its independent nature, however, it can be quite challenging to train.

To make it respond positively to training, offer the right mix of mental and physical stimulation. Keep the sessions short and use positive reinforcement. Be firm and confident so that your dog will oblige. Finally, make training a routine as this breed does best with structure.

This is basic information, and it should not be used to make adoption or purchasing decisions. Be sure to consult an expert if you’d like to learn about the breed’s care and requirements.

This is general information and should not be relied on for adopting or purchasing advice.

Most Asked Jack Russell Questions

What does a Jack Russell look like?

This small dog has almond-shaped eyes, a tapered muzzle, and V-shaped ears. Its body is compact and muscular, and its tail is erect and straight. Its coat is mostly white in colour with patches of brown, black, or tan on different parts of the face and body.

Does a Jack Russell shed a lot?

Regardless of its coat type, the Jack Russell tends to shed a lot all year round. The shedding can become worse during the spring and autumn seasons. One way to greatly reduce the shedding is by brushing your dog’s coat regularly.

What’s the price of a Jack Russell?

A Jack Russell typically costs between AUD $1,200 and $3,000. To ensure that you are getting healthy and happy dog, we recommended that you purchase from a registered breeder.

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