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Few breeds are as loved and recognised as the Pomeranian. Fondly referred to as Poms, these are one of the most popular small dog breeds.

Many love them because of their adorable features, fierce intelligence and adaptive nature.

More Information

The Ultimate Guide to Pomeranians

Key Characteristics Of Pomeranians
How Can I Take Good Care Of A Pomeranian Puppy?
Most Asked Pomeranian Questions
Similar Dog Breeds

Few breeds are as loved and recognised as the Pomeranian. Fondly referred to as Poms, these are one of the most popular small dog breeds. Many love them because of their adorable features, fierce intelligence and adaptive nature.


Pomeranian Origins

Pomeranians are part of the Spitz family of dogs, which shares a strong resemblance to wolves. These dogs are believed to have been Arctic work dogs.

They get their name from “Pomerania”, an area located along the Baltic Sea. Poms were not named after this region because they originated from here, but rather because this is where they were developed and bred to a smaller size.

Poms were not always pocket-sized. Developed from sled dogs, pomeranians were white in colour and they used to weigh at least 13 kgs.

The most likely ancestor of the Pomeranian is said to be the Deutscher Spitz. In its bigger size, the Pomeranian was often used as a sheepherder.

The Royal family is believed to have influenced the miniaturisation of the Pomeranian. Now, this dog was officially recognised by English Kennel Club in 1870.

But the breed only became popular when Queen Victoria imported a pom from Italy. Since she owned other dogs that were smaller and grey, she decided to breed them with the pom.

This caused the pom to shrink by half over the course of her reign.

Even in their early days, pomeranians were pretty popular. Other notable people who owned this dog breed include Martin Luther, Michelangelo and Isaac Newton.


Key Characteristics of Pomeranians

Are Pomeranians Family-Friendly?Yes. Pomeranians are the ideal size for families. They love playing and are very friendly.
Daily Exercise Needs?
30 minutes of exercise each day is enough.
Common Health Issues & ConsiderationsPomeranians can be susceptible to these conditions:
● Collapsing trachea.
● Hypothyroidism.
● Elbow luxation.
● Hydrocephalus.
Lifespan13 to 15 years
Nature & Temperament
These dogs are inquisitive, alert and bold. Pomeranians like being the centre of attention.
Male: 1.8 - 2 kg
Female: 2 - 2.5 kg

18 - 30 cm
Suitable EnvironmentThe Pomeranian does well both in city and country settings.
GroomingPomeranians are a high-maintenance breed. Brushing their coat multiple times each week is highly recommended.

Other considerations:

● Pomeranians have a lot of fur. Even though they don’t pull sleds anymore, poms have held onto their warm, double coats.

● Their fur needs a great deal of attention to prevent it from getting knotty or matted.

● These dogs get along well with each other and other animals.

● They are very affectionate and loyal dogs.

● Pomeranians should not be left alone for too long as this can lead to separation anxiety.

● Pomeranians come in a variety of colours such as black, brown, white, cream and orange.


How can I take good care of my Pomeranian or Pomeranian Puppy?


The recommended daily intake for a Pomeranian is ¼ to ½ cup of high-quality dog food. This should be split in two meals.

Understanding the feeding requirements of a Pomeranian is crucial to prevent health problems.


Brushing their coats at minimum twice every week is highly recommended. This helps to prevent their hair from accumulating on your clothes and furniture.

It’s also advisable to start grooming your pomeranians at an early age. This way, they can become accustomed to the routine.

Recommended grooming tips:

● Wipe their eyes on a daily basis.

● Brush their teeth daily.

● Check the ears weekly to prevent infections.

● Clip their nails fortnightly.

● Take them for a bath monthly.


As they are intelligent and energetic, Pomeranians enjoy and thrive at obedience training. That said, they have moderate activity levels. They will enjoy short daily walks and occasional playtime.


Pomeranians do well in training if you provide them with firm leadership. It is important for consistency in training Pomeranians.

Food is a superb motivational tool, as is praising them when they do good. For the best results, the training sessions should be kept short.

Most Asked Pomeranian Questions

What do Pomeranians look like?

These are tiny, fluffy dogs that have wedge-shaped heads and small ears. The wedge shape of their heads and the muzzle contribute to this dog’s fox-like appearance.

Their skull is somewhat rounded and their eyes are almond-shaped.

How much does a Pomeranian cost?

Pomeranians for sale cost between $1,500 and $3,000 approximately.

Do Pomeranians shed a lot?

Yes, compared to other dog breeds. But their undercoat only sheds fully two times in a year. During this time, they will have more grooming needs.

Do Poms make good apartment dogs?

As they have low exercise requirements, they are suitable for apartment living. But they do better in families with older kids or teenagers. They need to be handled with care because of their small size.

Do Pomeranians get along with other pets?

Yes, they are friendly to both people and animals. But they sometimes display this ‘big-dog’ attitude. This can be disastrous if they attempt to jump from a high place or chase bigger animals. To prevent this, they should be monitored closely.

This is general information and should not be relied on as adoption or purchasing advice.

Similar Breeds

Japanese Spitz
Pomeranian Mixes

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